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Britt White Pine Study - 130-209

Description:
This project is a component of a larger study designed to examine the effect of shelterwood harvesting and site preparation on; 1) plant diversity and succession, 2) salamander populations, 3) natural regeneration ecology, 4) competing vegetation, 5) soil and plant nutrients, 6) growth and survival of planted white pine seedlings, 7) genetic diversity, 8) white pine seed production and dispersal patterns, 9) woody debris, 10) abondance and diversity of carabide beatle populations  and 11) the microenvironment in white pine stands.
The study was established in 90 to 100 year-old stands dominated by white pine, near Britt, Ontario.

Phase 1:
    Study was established using a randomised complete block design, with five treatments replicated in three blocks.
    Treatments include:
  1. No cut and no site preparation
  2. Cut (1997) and no site preparation
  3. Cut (1996) and mechanical site preparation (1997)
  4. Cut (1996) and chemical site preparation (1997)
  5. Cut (1995) and both mechanical (1996) and chemical site preparation (1997
  • Treatment plots measure 100m x 50m and are surrounded by a 30m buffer.
  • Harvested plots were marked before harvest to retain 50% crown closure in dominant and codominant trees following the OMNR tree marking guide.
  • Designated plots were mechanically site prepared in early fall using a 6-way blade mounted on a D4 bulldozer.
  • Chemical site preparation was applied in late summer by broadcast spraying of Vision®
    herbicide at 2.1 kg a.e. ha-1 using a mist blower mounted on a rubber-tired skidder.
  • Each treatment plot was planted with 1-year-old Jiffy container stock on May 6-8, 1998 using operational standards (2.7m x 2.7m spacing).
  • Assessments were conducted every year to 2009.

 

Phase 2:

  • Long-term monitoring plots were established in the same 15 treatment plots from Phase 1.
  • Harvested plots (12) were marked before harvest to retain 40% crown closure in dominant and co-dominant trees following the OMNR tree marking guide.
  • Plots were harvested between mid-August and mid-October, 2009.

 

Future:

  • Overstory trees and artificial white pine regeneration will be assessed post-harvest in fall 2009, and salamander population monitoring will begin in spring 2010.
  • Assessments will continue annually for salamanders and every 5 years for overstory trees and white pine regeneration until site is ready for final removal.


The focus of this project is to determine the effect of logging damage on the quality and growth of residual white pine in stands managed under the shelterwood system. The study also measures the survival and growth rates of planted white pines. This study will provide much needed data to support the development of early managed stand growth and yield curves for white pine managed under the shelterwood system in Ontario.

 

3mh may1 2009

sally_tally_may14_2008

White pine regeneration in plots with mechanical and chemical site preparation

Looking for salamanders...

The Project Team: 
Andree Morneault and Murray Woods, OMNR

 

Papers:

Parker, W.C., Noland, T.L., and A.E. Morneault. 2004. Effect of seed mass on early seedling growth of five eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) families under contrasting light environments. Can. J. Bot. 82: 1645–1655.

Morneault, A.E., Naylor, B.J., Schaeffer, L.S., and D.C. Othmer. 2004. The effect of shelterwood harvesting and site preparation on eastern red-backed salamanders in white pine stands. For. Ecol. Manage. 199:1–10.

Noland, T.L., W.C. Parker, and A.E. Morneault. 2006. Natural variation in seed characteristics of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.). New Forests 32:87–103.

Parker, W.C., Noland, T.L., and A.E. Morneault. 2006. The effects of seed mass on germination, seedling emergence, and early seedling growth of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.). New Forests 32:33–49

 

University Student Theses:

Nesbitt, D. 1997. Comparative Analysis of three devices used to measure canopy closure. MFC, Independent Research Paper, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 31 pp.

Peachey, V. 1997. Incidence and implications of soil compaction: Madawaska District and Parry Sound District. MFC, Independent Research Paper, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 32 pp.

Schaeffer L., A.E. Morneault, B.J. Naylor, and D.O. Othmer. 1998. White pine management: Effects on downed woody debris and redback salamanders. MFC, Independent Research Paper, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 18 pp.

Chan, B. 1999. A field guide to forest carabid beetles of central Ontario. Directed studies major paper, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto. 58 pp.

Knack, H. 2000. Assessing the salamander monitoring protocol used at white pine site preparation study in Britt, ON. MFC, Independent Research Paper, Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 31 pp.

Meurillion, Isabelle. 2010. Standing dead wood dynamics in a white pine stand managed under the uniform shelterwood system. Report prepared as part of a summer exchange placement to fulfil of the requirements for the forest engineering degree at the French Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering . (French)

Techical Note Series: Some Ecological Effects of Shelterwood Harvesting and Site Preparation in White Pine Forests

The fact sheets are updated when possible and are used as handouts when the project is presented as a poster at conferences, workshops and field tours.


Genetic diversity

Growth and survival of planted white pine

Plant diversity

Microclimate

Site description, study design, and treatments

White pine seed production, characteristics, and dispersal patterns

Red-backed salamanders

Emergence, growth, and survival of seeded white pine

 

Tree Tips:

Tree Tip for Project 130-209, April 2005

 

Presentations:

Site Preparation in White Pine Shelterwoods - Presentation (2008)

Meurillion, Isabelle. 2010. Standing dead wood dynamics in a white pine stand managed under the uniform shelterwood system. Presentation delivered in France to fulfil of the requirements for the forest engineering degree at the French Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering . (French)

Status Reports:

Status Report (2003)

Status Report (2007-2008)

Project Work Report (2007-2008)

Status Report (2008-2009)

Financial Summary (2008-2009)

Status Report (2009-2010)

 

For additional information contact:

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